What diseases can be prevented through vaccination?

Health Minute

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To keep your child healthy, have him or her vaccinated (immunized) against diseases. Many vaccinations are given in a series of doses. To be protected, your child needs each dose at the right time. Vaccines may cause mild side effects. Talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of vaccines. Also be sure to tell your doctor about any missed vaccinations. Your child will need catch-up vaccinations to be completely protected.

Hepatitis B is caused by a virus that can damage the liver and result in jaundice (yellow skin and whites of the eyes). Some people may later develop liver cancer or liver failure.
 
Rotavirus disease is caused by the rotavirus. The illness involves severe vomiting and diarrhea in young children, and can lead to dehydration. Children who are severely dehydrated often need to be hospitalized.

Diphtheria is caused by bacteria and can lead to difficulty swallowing and enlarged glands on the sides of the neck. In severe cases, heart muscles can be damaged and the breathing muscles paralyzed.

Tetanus (lockjaw) is caused by bacteria and can lead to muscle spasms that keep people from opening their mouths or swallowing. 

Pertussis (whooping cough) is caused by bacteria and results in coughing and choking spells. It can also lead to pneumonia or brain damage in infants.

Haemophilus influenzae type b is bacteria that can cause meningitis (inflammation of the membrane covering the brain and spinal cord). It can also cause pneumonia.

Polio is caused by a virus. It can lead to permanent paralysis of the muscles, including the muscles that control breathing. Polio can also cause death.

Measles is caused by a virus and can lead to fever and rash. It can also cause hearing loss, brain damage, or death.

Mumps is caused by a virus and can result in fever, headache, and swollen, painful glands under the jaw. It can cause men to be sterile later in life. Mumps can also lead to hearing loss or inflammation of the brain and spinal cord.

Rubella (German measles) is caused by a virus and can result in fever, swollen glands, and rash. If a pregnant woman develops rubella, the baby may be born with severe health problems.

Varicella (chickenpox) is caused by a virus and results in itchy skin blisters. In rare cases, pneumonia or encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) may develop and lead to death.

Meningococcal disease is caused by a bacteria and leads to meningitis, an inflammation of the membrane covering the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis results in high fever, headache, and stiff neck. Left untreated, it can result in other serious health problems, such as brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disability. In rare cases, it can cause death.

Pneumococcal disease can either be caused by bacteria or a virus. Pneumococcal vaccines help protect against pneumonia from viral sources. It can affect the brain and spinal cord, lungs, and ears.

Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus and can lead to fever, headache, sore throat, cough, and muscle aches. It can also result in pneumonia and death, especially in very young children. The flu vaccine is given every year during the Autumn.

Hepatitis A is caused by a virus and can result in acute liver inflammation and jaundice.

Genital HPV infection is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a virus. Infection with certain types of the virus can result in genital warts and/or cervical, vaginal, or vulvar cancers in women.

It's easy to get the care you need.

See a Premier Physician Network provider near you.