Living with Chronic Conditions

Premier Health providers answer frequently asked questions about chronic conditions.

What are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism? What are the symptoms?

Dr. Alappatt discusses hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism and their symptoms. Click play to watch the video or read the transcript


Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are considered common problems with the thyroid, a gland in the neck, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human ServicesOff Site Icon (HHS). The thyroid makes a hormone that controls, for example, how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats.

If the gland is not working at the right speed, it will create thyroid problems, according to the HHS, including hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid gland makes too much of the hormone, according to the HHS. It is also known as an overactive thyroid.

The HHS states the following are symptoms of hyperthyroidism:

  • Anxiety
  • Increased sweating
  • Irritability
  • Lager appetite than usual
  • Light or less frequent periods
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Shaky hands or fingers
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Weak muscles

Hypothyroidism – also known as underactive thyroid – is when your thyroid doesn’t make enough hormone, according to the HHS.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism, according to the HHS, include:

  • Constipation
  • Depression
  • Excessive menstrual bleeding
  • Fatigue
  • Hoarse voice
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Pale, dry skin
  • Puffiness in your face
  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Weakened muscles
  • Weight gain without eating more food

Talk with your doctor is you have concerns or want more information about hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.

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Source content: Anessa Alappatt, MD, Fairborn Medical Center; Timothy Drehmer, MD, Troy Primary Care Physicians; Pamela Werner, MD, Miami Valley Primary Care

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