Answers to Common Breast Health Questions

Premier Health providers answer frequently asked questions about breast health.

What are some of the most common types of breast conditions with which women may be diagnosed?

Dr. Heck discusses common breast conditions with which women are diagnosed. Click play to watch the video or read the transcript.


Women can be diagnosed with four common non-cancerous breast conditions, according to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).

Those conditions are:

  • Cysts – small, fluid-filled sacs that feel like a soft grape or a water-filled balloon and might cause tenderness
  • Fibrocystic breast changes – swollen, lumpy, tender breasts that occur during childbearing years and after menopause when women use hormone therapy
  • Fibroadenomas – solid lumps found that are well-defined, smooth, and usually painless
  • Mastitis – breast tissue infection that most often occurs when a woman is breastfeeding and a milk duct gets clogged

The National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) sites additional breast changes that are not cancer but can increase your risk of breast cancer. Those are:

  • Atypical hyperplasia – abnormal cells are found in the breast lobules or breast ducts
  • Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) – abnormal cells are found in the breast lobules (more than with atypical hyperplasia)

For more information about common breast conditions, talk with your doctor.

Learn more:

Source: Thomas Heck, MD, Gem City Surgical Breast Care Center

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