Bone and Joint Health

Premier Health providers answer frequently asked questions about bone and joint health for women.

What is low peak bone mass, and what is the correlation to osteoporosis in young women?

Dr. Alappatt discusses low peak bone mass and how it relates to osteoporosis. Click play to watch the video or read the transcript


Peak bone mass is the maximum strength and density of bones, which is reached around age 30 in women, according to the National Institutes of HealthOff Site Icon (NIH).

At the point you reach your peak bone mass, you want it to be as high as possible, to give you the best change of reducing your risk of bone health issues later in life, according to the NIH.

Most peak bone mass, up to 90 percent, is built by age 18 in women, according to the NIH. That early cutoff is why it is so important for women in their teen, then into their 20s, focus on a healthy diet, appropriate exercise and getting enough calcium and vitamin D.

A woman with a low peak bone mass when it stops growing will be at higher risk of developing osteoporosis during menopause, when bone experience a rapid loss of bone mass, according to the NIH. The loss continues after menopause, increasing the risk of osteoporosis even more.

For more information about low peak bone mass, talk with your physician.

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Source: Anessa Alappatt, MD, Fairborn Medical Center; Jennifer Smail, MD, Pledger Orthopaedic Spine Center and Associates

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