Answers to Common Cardiothoracic Surgery Questions

Premier Health providers answer frequently asked questions about cardiothoracic surgery.

What is the most common type of thoracic surgery?

The most common types of thoracic surgeries are dictated by the most common conditions that afflict areas that fall under this specialty—heart, lungs, esophagus, and the bones protecting them.

According to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS), general thoracic surgeons most commonly perform procedures to treat cancer.  

STS notes that cardiothoracic surgeons that specialize in treatment of heart and vessel conditions most commonly perform surgeries to treat coronary artery disease, such as coronary artery bypass. Congenital heart surgeons operate mostly on babies and children with heart defects, like a hole between heart chambers.

Other cardiothoracic procedures include:

  • Lymph node biopsy (mediastinoscopy)
  • Heart valve repair or replacement
  • Heart transplant
  • Lung transplant

Cardiothoracic surgeries may be video-assisted (VATS), robotic-assisted, or they may require open access to the chest cavity.

For more information about cardiothoracic surgery procedures, talk with your doctor.

Learn more:

Source: Cardiothoracic Surgery Associates

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