Answers to Common Bicycle Fitting Questions

Premier Health providers answer frequently asked questions about bicycle fitting.

What are the different parts of the bike that can be adjusted for a proper fit?

Brian Jans, Premier Health physical therapist, discussed the parts of a bike that can be adjusted for a proper fit. Click play to watch the video or read the transcript.


A cyclist’s proper saddle height is key for proper leg extension and knee position, according to the National Institutes of HealthOff Site Icon (NIH). Positioning of the upper body makes quite a difference in comfort and performance.

The cleat on the shoe can be changed if the foot isn't positioned properly, says Brian Jans, Premier Health physical therapist and Serotta International Cycling Institute Certified Fitter. Clipless pedals can be moved forward or backward, and rotated so if the foot isn't positioned properly and it's making the knee improperly positioned, it can be adjusted, Jans says.

American Academy of Orthopaedic SurgeonsOff Site Icon (AAOS) state that well-sized frames and handlebar positioning can improve the cyclist’s ability to control the bike. The same manner of proper fitting may also reduce the risk for overuse injuries.

For more information about the parts involved in bicycle fitting, talk to a certified bike fitter.

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Source: Brian Jans, PT, DPT, SCS, Premier Health Sports Medicine - Upper Valley Medical Center