Answers to Common Diabetes Questions

Premier Health providers answer frequently asked questions about diabetes.

What is the Difference Between Pre-diabetes and Diabetes?

Dr. Zeidan explains: What is the Difference Between Pre-diabetes and Diabetes?  


If you’re diagnosed with pre-diabetes (or at high risk for early diabetes or borderline diabetes):

  • Sugar (glucose) levels in your blood are too high.
  • Your blood glucose levels are higher than they should be but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
  • Your cells are starting to have trouble using the glucose; when glucose stays in your blood, it can cause problems with how your heart and blood vessels work.
  • You’re at greater risk for heart attack or stroke. People diagnosed with pre-diabetes are likely to have a heart attack or stroke within 10 years, according to the FDA.
  • You need to make lifestyle changes – such as changing eating habits and physical activity. Without making these lifestyle changes, up to 30 percent of people with pre-diabetes develop type 2 diabetes within five years, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

If you’re diagnosed with diabetes:

  • Your blood glucose levels are consistently too high above normal to allow your body to normally process sugars, according to the CDC.
  • Your body is not making enough of a hormone called insulin or isn’t using it as well as it should, causing sugar to build up in the blood.
  • Controlling diabetes is important as it can lead to serious health complications, such as heart disease, kidney failure and more, according to the CDC.

Talk to your physician for more information about pre-diabetes and diabetes.

Learn more:

Source: Joseph Allen, MD, Family Medicine of Vandalia; Michael Chunn, MD, Family Practice; Isaac Corney, MD, Trotwood Physician Center; Ann DeClue, MD, Saadeddine Dughman, MD, Advanced Cardiovascular Institute; Gary Fishbein, MD, Dayton Heart Center; Irina Gendler, MD, Troy Primary Care Physicians; Roger Goodenough, MD, Troy Primary Care Physicians; J. Wes Halderman, MD, Jamestown Family Medicine; Timothy O Donnell, MD, Miami Valley Primary Care; Miguel Parilo, MD, Bull Family Diabetes Center; Srikanth Sadhu, MD, Advanced Cardiovascular Institute; Trisha Zeidan, MD, Bull Family Diabetes Center; Chandan Gupta, MD, Monroe Medical Center; Miguel Parilo, MD, FACP, Bull Family Diabetes Center; Kristine Sun, MD; Premier Family Care of Mason;

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Michael Chunn, MD

Michael Chunn, MD

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Timothy R. O'Donnell, DO

Timothy R. O'Donnell, DO

Miami Valley Primary Care

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