What is the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

Dr. Zeidan explains: What is the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?  

 

 

Type 1 Diabetes

  • Usually diagnosed in children, teens or young adults, it’s formerly called juvenile diabetes.
  • Cells in the pancreas stop making insulin because the body’s immune system attacked and destroyed them, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
  • Treatment includes:
    • Taking insulin injections
    • Making good food choices
    • Being physically active
    • Controlling blood pressure
    • Controlling cholesterol
    • Possibly taking aspirin daily
    • Other medicines as recommended by your doctor

Type 2 Diabetes

  • The most common form of diabetes, it’s formerly called adult-onset diabetes.
  • It can develop at any age and usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition where fat, muscle and liver cells do not process insulin correctly.
  • Over time, the pancreas can’t give off enough insulin to manage meals.
  • Being inactive and overweight increases your risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Treatment includes:
    • Diabetes medicine
    • Eating healthy food
    • Being physically active
    • Controlling blood pressure
    • Controlling cholesterol
    • Possibly taking aspirin daily
    • Other medicines as recommended by your doctor

For more information about the different types of diabetes, talk to your doctor.

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