What is the difference between minimally invasive, laparoscopic, and robotic surgery?

Common types of minimally invasive gynecologic surgery are laparoscopy, robotic surgery and hysteroscopy, according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine.

According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, the procedures vary in the following ways:

  • Laparoscopy – insertion of a lighted telescope equipped with a camera through a small incision in the belly button
  • Robotic surgery – similar to laparoscopy, only the surgeon operates the robotics while seated at a console
  • Hysteroscopy – done with no incision at all; a lighted telescope is inserted through the vagina and cervix to the inside of the uterus

For more information about the difference between minimally invasive gynecologic surgery and other procedures, talk to your doctor.

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