What are the signs and symptoms of MS?

Because MS can attack anywhere in the brain, spinal cord or optic nerves, it can cause a wide range of signs and symptoms. If the optic nerve is attacked, there is vision loss in one eye, but vision can be affected by attacks at many other places in the brain and a patient may have double vision. They can have sensory loss or loss of movement/strength, dizziness, vertigo, difficulty with balance, spasticity, difficulty with speech or swallowing and loss of control of the bladder or bowels. The list of possible symptoms is long because the brain is the control center for the body, and the spinal cord is the major highway through which messages pass from the brain to the body and from the body to the brain. MS patients additionally often experience more diffuse (more difficult to localize) symptoms such as fatigue, depression and cognitive issues.

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