What are some of the most common exercise injuries people encounter?

Fulltime athletes, newcomers to exercising and everyone in between have potential for injuries.

According to the National Institutes of Health[Link http://nih.gov/ in a new window with off site icon and 3rd party content disclaimer] (NIH), the most common types of sports injuries are:

  • Achilles tendon injuries – An Achilles tendon injury is caused by stretching, tearing, or irritating the tendon that connects the calf muscle to the back of your heal.
  • Dislocations– A dislocation occurs when there is an abnormal separation in the joint, such as a shoulder, elbow, or toe, where two or more bones meet. A joint dislocation can also cause damage to the surrounding tissues.
  • Fractures – A fracture is a break in the bone that happens from either a quick, one-time injury (acute fracture) or from repeated stress on the bone over time (stress fracture.
  • Knee injuries – Knee injuries are common and can be frequently caused by ligaments and tendon injuries.
  • Ligament tears – Tearing a ligament, which is a band of tissue that connects the ends of bones together.
  • Rotator cuff injuries – The rotator cuff is in your shoulder, and it is common to have an inflamed rotator cuff or damage the rotator cuff in sports with repeated overhead motion.
  • Shin bone pain – Often known as “shin splints,” this describes leg pain that shoots along the shin bone, on the front of the lower leg.
  • Sprains and strains – A sprain is an overly stretched muscle. A strain is a twisted or pulled muscle.
  • Swollen muscles – The muscles can swell and feel sore from lack of stretching or overuse during exercise.
  • Tendon tears – Tearing a tendon, which is a cord of tissue that connects muscles to bones.

If you have any of these injuries check with your physician for his or her care recommendation.

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