What are glaucoma and cataracts, and how does diabetes put someone at risk for developing these conditions?

A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens, and glaucoma is an increase in the fluid pressure inside the eye that leads to optic nerve damage and vision loss, according to the National Institutes of HealthOff Site Icon (NIH).

Anyone can get cataracts, but people with diabetes are 60 percent more likely than others to develop the condition. Having diabetes can cause cataracts to develop faster and at a younger age, according to the American Diabetes AssociationOff Site Icon (ADA).

People with diabetes are 40 percent more likely to have glaucoma than other people, and the longer someone has diabetes, the more likely it is they will develop glaucoma, according to the ADA.

For more information about glaucoma and cataracts, talk with your doctor.

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