Speech – Language Pathology
The Speech-Language Pathologists (SLP), at Premier Health assess, diagnose, treat and help to prevent disorders related to speech, language, cognitive-communication, voice, swallowing and fluency.
About the Program
Speech-language pathologists work with people who cannot produce speech sounds or cannot produce them clearly; those with speech rhythm and fluency problems, such as stuttering; people with voice disorders, such as inappropriate pitch or harsh voice; those with problems understanding and producing language; and those with cognitive communication impairments, such as attention, memory and problem solving disorders. They also work with people who have swallowing difficulties.
The symptoms associated with speech disorders vary from person to person. The Speech-Language Pathology team provides care for patients with conditions including:
- Impaired language or communication (Aphasia ranges from difficulty remembering words to being completely unable to speak, read, or write. Aphasia can be caused by brain injury, brain tumor, dementia, a learning or developmental disability, or stroke.
- Voice disorders consist of difficulty in producing voice sounds (dysphonia) or complete loss of voice (aphonia). Causes include impairment of the vocal folds or damage to the nerves connected to the muscles in the voice box (larynx).
- Speech loss is a breakdown of intact speech production due to nerve dysfunction or failure. Loss of speech can be caused by:
- Apraxia of Speech (AOS) – a disconnection between what the brain intends to say and the ability of the vocal organs to produce the desired sounds.
- Dysarthria – a group of motor speech disorders that impair articulation because of a disturbance in the connection between the nervous system and vocal muscles.
- Neurogenic speech disturbances – including stuttering, are neurological impairments that prevent clear articulation.
- Cognitive problems such as difficulty with thinking, perception, memory, attention, and reasoning can affect communication.
- Swallowing problems or Dysphagia - refers to any disorder in the swallowing process that does not allow food or liquid to pass safely from the mouth to the stomach. It is a common condition in many patient types and has various causes related to physical or mental disorders
The goal of all treatments is to maximize naturalness in communication and swallowing by working to restore lost function, improve existing abilities, or enhance communication through alternative methods. Services are specific to each disorder and individualized to each patient to meet their needs.
Offered through: Miami Valley Hospital, Good Samaritan Hospital, Atrium Medical Center, Upper Valley Medical Center
Content Updated: September 25, 2013